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Top 10 Places in Istanbul

Top 10 Places in Istanbul

Istanbul is one of the most beautiful city around world and Istanbul has many beautiful places for visiting. Istanbul Bosphorus is the most important and beautiful place. The other places, mosques, palaces, towers, bazaars and more. See below of page more information about top 10 places in Istanbul.

Bosphorus 

Bosphorus

Istanbul Bosphorus is one of the most beautiful location in the world. It is in a very important location due to being between Europe and Asia. It provides the transition between the sea of ​​Marmara and the Blacksea and it connects Aegean Sea and Mediterranean Sea to Blacksea.
There are many beautiful houses on the shores of the Bosphorus and old mansions and palaces made of wood. You can travel by small boat on the Bosphorus. We strongly recommend you to take a boat tour on the Bosphorus. Enjoy the pleasure of watching both continents, Europe and Asia from the sea side. It is a sight you can not see anywhere else in the world.There are many beautiful places on the shores of the Bosphorus where you can enjoy and eat and drink tea and coffee. You will be amazing by the natural beauty of the Bosphorus.

Hagia Sophia

Hagia Sophia

Hagia Sophia means "Holly Wisdom" in Greek, it was an Orthodox church cathedral dedicated to sacred wisdom. It is an old Byzantine church and later the Ottoman mosque. Now it is one of the most important museums of Istanbul, which is accepted as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. It is one of the most surviving and greatest examples of Byzantine architecture.

The first church of Hagia Sophia was built in the same area by the Great Constantine in the 4th century and was renovated by his son Constantine II in 360 AD. It was a small wooden church in Constantinople. As one of the historical architectural wonders that still survive today, Hagia Sophia has an important place in the art world with its architecture, size and functionality.

After the conquest of Constantinople by the Ottoman Turks on 29 May 1453, the Ottomans transformed the church into a mosque. The Hagia Sophia, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk and the Council of Ministers orders of the was opened as a museum in 1935.

Topkapi Palace

Topkapı Palace

Topkapı Palace is one of the biggest and most popular symbol places to visit in Istanbul. It was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1985.

Its construction began in 1466 and was completed in 1478. It was built by Fatih Sultan Mehmet. It was built on an area of ​​80 thousand square meters and the most important parts of the building are two main buildings; Bîrun and Enderun. There are three gates in the Topkapı Palace called Bâbi Hümâyun, Bâbüsselâm and Bâbüssaâde. Harem and Hasbahce garden, which is part of Enderun, is on this side a hill overlooking the Bosphorus and the city. It was built on the place known as the historical peninsula. It has been the political center of the Ottoman empire for 400 years.

Topkapı Palace has hosted 22 different Sultans and their families in 400 years. Topkapı Palace architecture is typical of the Turkish style.
Topkapı Palace was opened to the public as a museum upon the order of Atatürk in 1924. Today, there are many sections that can be visited in Topkapı Palace. The palace's visit will take half a day. In some exhibition halls there are the Treasury, the costumes of the Sultans and the Sacred relics.

Grand Bazaar

Grand Bazaar

Grand Bazaar is the world's largest indoor bazaar with more than 60 streets, 4,000 shops and 18 doors. Although it is over 550 years old, it still operates very actively.
When you step inside, you will feel an authentic oriental atmosphere. In general, all streets are similar but all have different beauty.

There are small shops where you can find all kinds of souvenirs, leather clothing, rugs and carpets, antiques, gold, silver, jewelery, crafts, spices and Turkish delight. Traveling here gives people different feelings.

In addition there is various other amenities for the merchants who working there; restaurants, a hamam, and a mosque, plus at least ten smaller mescits or prayer rooms. Today, this is as like city, contains a police station, a health dispensary, a post office, branches of banks, change offices and a tourist information center.

You can find it in restaurants that serve traditional Turkish cuisine. Guests from all over the world come here for shoping. Turkish people usually come to the Grand Bazaar for gold shopping. There are small streets and also small shops outside around the Grand Bazaar. Here trade is made for handicrafts. People from all cities of Turkey come here for trading.

The Basilica Cistern

Basilica Cistern

The Basilica Cistern was built by the Byzantine emperor Justinian I. It is one of the most important works of Byzantine emperor. It is 140 m long, width 70 m. It is known as an extraordinary structure that covers a rectangular area. Basilica Cistern was built to meet Istanbul's water needs.
The Basilica Cistern looks like a perfect palace made of smooth and polished marble. According to those who say, this is a structure far beyond a normal cistern. And in many science fiction and history films, roles have been taken from this structure.

Dolmabahce Palace

Dolmabahce

Dolmabahce Palace was built started its construction in 1843, was opened in 1856 after the surrounding walls were completed.

The palace mainly consists of the Imperial State Apartments, the Ceremonial Hall and the Harem. The main building has three floors, basement on the side parallel to the sea, and four floors, on the land side, containing the garret floors and the Harem neighborhoods. Significant Western influences observed in style, details and ornaments are reflections of the changing aesthetic values ​​in the last period of the Empire. It is a building complex where traditional Turkish style is applied in a wide scale in terms of the organization of the space and the relations between the rooms and the halls.
Although the Dolmabahce Palace was under the influence of the West and was built to model European palaces, Harem was built as a separate section. Dolmabahce Palace hosted 6 sultans at intervals and the last Ottoman Sultan Abdulmecid Efendi from 1856 to 1924, when it was put into service.

The palace was used as the Presidential office between 1927-1949. founder of Republic of Turkey, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, between the years 1927-1938 he used to work in the Dolmabahce Palace and died in this palace in 1938. The museum, which was partially open to protocol and visit between 1926-1984, was opened to visit as a museum since 1984.

Blue Mosque

Blue Mosque

Sultanahmed Mosque, which is known as the Blue Mosque by many tourists due to its bluish interior decoration tiles, is one of the most important mosques in Istanbul standing next to the Byzantine Hippodrome in the old city center. It was built between 1609-1616 by the Ottoman Sultan Ahmed I. Its architect Sedefkar Mehmet Ağa was the student of the greatest architect Sinan.

Like all the major and important mosques of that time, the Sultan Ahmed Mosque was built as a complex like a theology school, an imperial mansion, a kitchen for the poor, arcade shops and a small library to raise money for maintenance. The mosque has an outer courtyard that can be accessed through several doors, an elevated inner courtyard with marble floors and surrounded by a portico with a small dome. In the center of this courtyard is a beautiful fountain for dry ablution that is dry today. It is the only mosque in Istanbul with 6 minarets. Four of them have three balconies each, and two have two balconies, each with a total of 16 spiral staircases. The top of the minarets and the domes are covered with lead.
There are 3 entrances to the mosque. After entering inside, the flower and geometric interior decoration and beauty of 21 thousand Iznik tiles, about 260 windows with stained glass and calligraphy of the Quranic verses appear. The 34-meter-high central dome is surrounded by smaller domes and semi-domes to disperse the heavy weight of the main dome, and they are all supported by 4 large columns. The marble niche called mihrap, indicating the direction of Mecca, is aligned with the axis of the mosque. To the right of the mihrap, there is a marble pulpit where the Imam rised and preached.

The Chora Church

Chora

The Chora word mean is derived from the ancient Greek word Chora outside the city. The first Chora Church was built by Justinianus (527-565).

The Chora Church was destroyed during the Latin invasion (1204-1261). It was repaired during the time of Andronikos II (1282-1328) by the palace's Treasury Minister Theodore Metochites (1313).

After continuing to serve as a church after the conquest of Istanbul in 1453, it was converted into a mosque in 1511. It was converted into a museum in 1945 and during the restoration carried out by the Byzantine Institute in 1948-1959, mosaics and frescoes were unearthed.

The mosaics and frescoes in Chora are the most beautiful examples from the last period of the Byzantine painting (14th century). The characteristic style elements in these mosaics and frescoes are the elongation of the figures with their depth, movements and plastic values. The Chora church represents Byzantine art at its most experimental. Most of the interior is covered with mosaics depicting the lives of Christ and the Virgin Mary. You will be amazed by the mosaics of Chora church.

Galata Tower

Galata Tower

Galata Tower is one of the oldest and highest towers in Istanbul. It is 63 meters high. You can watch the panoramic view of the Golden Horn.

It was built in the 14th century by the Genoese colony as part of the defensive wall surrounding its regions in Galata, opposite the ancient Constantinople. Genoese entered the trade with the Byzantines, and the tower was used for the surveillance of the Harbor in Golden Horn. Constantinople after conquest by Sultan II. Mehmet, it was used as a fire watchtower to detect fires in the city.

Hezarfen Ahmet Celebi the first Turkish to fly in the 17th century Ottoman Empire. The bird copied its wings and examined the air flows of the throat. He flew from the Galata Tower and landed about 6 kilometers (4 miles) from the district of Üsküdar on the Asian continent across the Bosphorus.

After the Republic established, Galata Tower was restored and opened to public visits in 1967.

On special days and national holidays, light shows are held in the Galata tower. Those who see the tower from the outside watch this visual with interest.

The Spice Bazaar 

Spice Bazaar

The Spice Bazaar (The Egyptian Markets) is built between 1597 and 1664. The bazaar is constructedas part of the New Mosque, with rent the shops supporting the upkeep of the mosque as well as its charitable activities, which included a school, hamam and hospital.
It has been a shopping mall of the Istanbul people with its 400 years old history. The Spice bazaar is one of the most vibrant spots of Istanbul for centuries.

Here you can find exotic flavors and a wide variety of spices. It contains a wide variety of shops such as fruits, vegetables, nuts, Turkish delight, Turkish coffee, gold, silver, flowers, honey, cheese, olives, olive oil and textiles. It is a very interesting and must-see historical place for everyone.

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